Multivitamins are food compounds that help with different needs for each age group, gender and time of life. They are a great way to replace nutrients that the body often cannot absorb with food alone. Unlike normal vitamins, multivitamins have several nutrients in the same pill. However, the time when the multivitamin is ingested influences its effect, as well as the way it is used. Check the best time to take them, the differences between multivitamins and the best option for each need, age group and gender.
What are multivitamins?
Multivitamins are nutritional supplements composed of various minerals and vitamins, which offer the number of nutrients that the body needs daily. Multivitamins can be formulated specifically for a specific age group, gender or body requirement. Consult your doctor to find the multivitamin that best fits your time of life and your needs.
What are multivitamins for?
The body needs a daily amount of vitamins and nutrients that are often not fully supplied with food. In this way, multivitamins assist in supplementation, avoiding health problems. They provide the body with proportions appropriate to daily needs, protecting the body from nutritional deficiencies and improving health and well-being.
This is because of the lack of the necessary quantity of such substances can generate a situation of nutritional deficiency. Thus, being reflected in symptoms such as lack of energy, bad mood, discouragement, impaired memory, brittle nails, anemia, irritability, hair loss, muscle pain, insomnia and dry skin. However, multivitamins must be indicated by a doctor and their use must be associated with a balanced diet, exercise and other healthy lifestyle habits.
How to take and when is the best time?
It is recommended that multivitamins should be taken during a meal, such as dinner or lunch. This is because some foods help the body to absorb substances. Thus, taking with meals improves the effect of the supplement. An option on the market is multivitamins in gums, which can be chewed during a meal, without the need for water and difficulties when swallowing.
When to add multivitamin to the routine and when to take it?
To know the best time to add multivitamin supplements to your routine, it is necessary to have tests and consult a doctor. In this way, it will be possible to add the correct substances, in the ideal quantities. There are multivitamins on the market for various specific situations and needs, such as:
- nails/skin and hair;
- men or women;
- energy, among others.
The time to take the supplement will depend on the substance and your routine. For example, it is not recommended to consume iron supplements during breakfast, if you take the milk and other foods or calcium supplements at this time. This is because one decreases the absorption of the other. As a general rule, it is recommended that the multivitamin be consumed during a meal, such as lunch or dinner, to assist in better absorption of nutrients.
Besides, since multivitamins are food supplements, they should not be restrictive, but it is important to consult a health professional/registered dietitian if you have any specific restrictions.
What is the ideal amount?
It is necessary to pay attention to the amounts and medical guidelines to avoid exaggeration in supplementation. The packages usually contain indications about the ideal amount and the doctor will help in defining that amount, according to the needs of each person’s body.
Children’s multivitamins usually work to improve immunity and bone formation, with a fruit flavor and gum shape. Furthermore, there are also working in multivitamins daily doses of vitamin C and D.
An option in the market for children’s supplements is vitamins in gums, which guarantee the child’s supplementation in a more practical and pleasant way. This is because the child can chew the vitamin into the gum, being easy to digest and with a fruit flavor.
To find out the exact need for your children’s nutrient replacement, consult a doctor or registered dietitian.
Multivitamins for pregnant women
During pregnancy women need several vitamins. The essential vitamins for pregnant women are:
- Folic acid
These vitamins and minerals assist in the health of the baby and the pregnant woman, ensuring healthy growth and development for the fetus and a peaceful pregnancy for the woman.
Multivitamins for the elderly
Throughout life, the body needs different types of nutrients. However, during old age the body needs even more care due to the health problems typical of that phase. Some of the essential vitamins for the elderly are:
- B-complex vitamins, such as B12 and B6: they aid in memory, in the ability to concentrate and in heart health.
- Vitamin D: essential for calcium absorption.
- Potassium: prevents cramps and assists in the functioning of the heart muscles.
- Vitamin A: essential for vision health.
- Calcium: a mineral that helps in the health of bones, teeth and blood clotting.
- Vitamin C: antioxidant, helps in the absorption of iron and in strengthening the immune system.
- Vitamin E: powerful antioxidant, acts to prevent premature aging.
Some multivitamins are already made especially for the elderly. However, to know the exact need for nutrients needed by your body and to have the best guidance on multivitamins, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Multivitamins for hair, skin and nails
Hair strand dry and dull, dry skin, nails brittle and whitish are some signs that the body is lacking in nutrients. Thus, some multivitamins are specially designed for the female audience and to improve hair, skin and nails. To improve these aspects, the nutrients indicated are:
- Zinc: helps to leave hair strands looking alive.
- Vitamin E: gives shine to nails, skin and hair.
- Biotin: improves skin health, reduces hair loss and strengthens nails.
- Vitamin D: helps in hair growth.
- Magnesium: gives more strength to hair and nails.
- Iron: stimulates the growth of nails and hair.
Can those who take multivitamins drink?
Alcoholic beverages have psychoactive action in the body with depressant activity in the Central Nervous System (CNS). Thus, excessive alcohol consumption does interfere in the absorption of essential nutrients, leading to mineral and vitamin deficiency. Alcohol consumption temporarily reduces the metabolism of biotransformed drugs. In contrast, alcohol consumption for a prolonged period of time results in an acceleration of drug biotransformation, due to the induction of liver enzymes.
Therefore, we advise that you should not drink alcohol with any type of medication, as they can have undesirable consequences for the treatment of pathologies.
Does multivitamins make you fat?
Supplements alone do not cause weight gain, as they do not have significant calories in their composition. However, the ideal is always to align the use of multivitamins with healthy lifestyle habits, such as physical exercise and a balanced diet.
Multivitamins are nutritional compounds that help supplement the nutrients and vitamins that the body needs to function in a healthy way. Often, food is not enough to get these vitamins. In this way, multivitamins help in every moment of life, in each age group and for each gender in a different way. The best multivitamin is the one that meets your needs. It is advisable to consume multivitamins during meals. However, to know the best way to take, the ideal amount and the ideal supplement, consult a doctor or dietitian.